Why Bond Ladders Are Broken
Why Bond Ladders Are Broken
Apr 18, 2019

Bond ladders are yesterday's way to invest in bonds.  They limit investment returns and increase your default risk, but thousands of investors and financial advisors follow the bond ladder herd and this investment sin. ... Read more

When Is It Time To Sell a Corporate Bond?
When Is It Time To Sell a Corporate Bond?
Dec 27, 2018

BondSavvy seeks to maximize the total investment return of each corporate bond investment opportunity it presents BondSavvy subscribers.  While we know what coupon a bond will pay us, the biggest variable in how successful ... Read more

Watch Steve Shaw's Bond Investing Webinar on E*TRADE
Watch Steve Shaw's Bond Investing Webinar on E*TRADE
Nov 22, 2018

E*TRADE has posted a recording of BondSavvy founder Steve Shaw's bond investment webinar Active Corporate Bond Investing, which originally aired for E*TRADE customers on November 6, 2018.  Click "Watch Webinar" in the... Read more

Preview of JCPenney Bond Recommendation
Preview of JCPenney Bond Recommendation
Nov 16, 2018

This post covers two sets of recommendations we have made for JCPenney bonds: one on April 4, 2020 and another during 2018, which we later sold in May 2019 after JCPenney's financials continued... Read more

© 2020 BondSavvy

Get Started Watch Free Sample Summary of Our April 4, 2020 JCPenney Bonds Recommendation The above video on JCPenney debt provides the full analysis we presented to BondSavvy subscribers April 4, 2020.  Following is an overview of parts of our recommendation and analysis of JCPenney debt. While we previously recommended selling JCPenney bonds in 2019, as JCPenney bond prices fell in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic, we recommended subscribers purchase JCPenney bonds due 6/1/20 at a price of 54.67 on April 4, 2020.  During a subscriber webinar, we discussed the following: 1) COVID-19 impact on JCPenney bonds and business 2) What action JCPenney had taken to increase liquidity and reduce expense 3) BondSavvy's monthly projections for JCPenney's financials, showing how much cash JCP will burn and how it can address 2020 JCPenney bond maturities 4) JCPenney's capital structure and where the recommended JCPenney bonds rank in terms of seniority to the other JCPenney debt 5) Recent trading activity of JCPenney bonds, including the JCP '20 bond (CUSIP 708130AD1) 6) The potential value of JCP's real estate portfolio Before we get into projecting JCPenney financials for 2020, it's important for bond investors to know how JCPenney had been performing up to when COVID-19 took hold.  As shown below, 2018 was a rough year for JCPenney, as EBITDA declined 33% due, in part, to the company needing to clear significant inventory at bargain basement prices.  In May 2018, JCPenney CEO Marvin Ellison quit to become CEO of Lowe's Corp., and JCPenney was without a CEO until it hired Jill Soltau in October 2018.  Soltau then filled out the JCP executive management team during 2019.   The results, just over a year into Soltau's tenure, had been encouraging.  In 2019, JCPenney exited the major appliances and in-store furniture segments.  While this contributed to 2019 revenues falling 7%, JCPenney gross margins increased 2.7 percentage points due to higher selling margins and lower shrinkage.  EBITDA increased slightly and, in JCPenney's February 27, 2020 earnings call, JCPenney projected 5-10% EBITDA growth for 2020.  JCPenney Financials - 2017 to 2019 $ in millions Then, unfortunately, COVID-19 took hold, and JCP closed all of its stores on March 18, 2020.  On March 31, it announced the company would furlough the majority of store hourly associates effective April 2 and, beginning April 5, it would furlough a significant portion of corporate employees and store salaried employees.  With JCP pulling its 2020 financial guidance in March, we are left to project JCPenney financials for 2020 to determine if it has the financial wherewithal to make it through 2020.   In mid-March 2020, JCPenney drew down on its $1.25 billion credit line, which increased JCPenney's cash balance to approximately $1.6 billion.  Below we preview our projected 2020 JCPenney financials to estimate the level of JCPenney cash burn for 2020 and the company's likelihood of it paying the $105 million in JCPenney bonds that are due June 1, 2020. SUBSCRIBE TO SEE ALL OF BONDSAVVY'S RECOMMENDED CORPORATE BONDS    JCPenney 2020 Revenue Assumptions We begin our model with JCPenney revenue assumptions. For this, we have quarterly revenue from 2019 JCPenney financials, and we have assumed each month's revenue within a quarter is equal to that quarter's revenue divided by three. JCPenney's fiscal year ends on the Saturday closest to January 31, which, this year, ended February 1, 2020. We then assumed JCPenney will retain a percentage of 2019 revenue based on our monthly assumptions on the impact of COVID-19 on JCPenney's stores. JCPenney closed its stores March 18, so it did have fairly normal revenue for at least part of Q1 2020. We expect virtually no sales in company stores during April and May 2020, with stores partially opening in June and more in subsequent months as conditions hopefully improve. JCPenney 2020 Gross Profit Assumptions We have assumed JCPenney's gross margins will dip below 2019 levels for a good chunk of fiscal 2020, as a greater portion of customer purchases will have e-fulfillment and the related shipping costs, and JCPenney will likely need to clear out unsold inventory. JCPenney had increased gross margins from 34.5% in 2018 to 37.2% in 2019 due to higher selling margins and a decrease in shrinkage. It had been on the right path, but COVID-19 will set JCP back, unfortunately. JCPenney 2020 Expense and Cash Flow Assumptions Certain assumptions for JCPenney financials are straightforward, including lease expense, repayments under its term loan, and interest expense on all JCPenney debt. We have also assumed that advertising expense remains similar to the 5.6% of revenue it was for 2019. The art of projecting expenses for JCPenney's financials lies in our employee compensation assumptions. Per the JCPenney 10-K, we know JCP had 90,000 employees as of February 1, 2020. JCPenney does not indicate what portion of its workforce is part time; however, based on our review of other retailer financials, we have assumed that two-thirds of JCPenney's employees are part time. As shown below, we have split JCPenney's employees into full- and part-time employees and then made assumptions regarding how long the recently announced JCP furloughs would stay in place. We have also made compensation assumptions for each type of employee. Subscribe to see our complete projections for JCPenney's financials and all of our previous corporate bond recommendations, including the eight we presented between March 26, 2020 and April 4, 2020. How We Projected JCPenney's Financials - February to December 2020 $ in millions     This financial analysis was a major part of the April 4, 2020 webinar we presented to BondSavvy subscribers to discuss our analysis of the JCPenney bonds.  BondSavvy's subscribers are primarily self-directed individual investors and financial advisors managing money on behalf of individual investors.  With each investment presentation, our goal is to empower subscribers to get their arms around the business of the issuing company and to fully understand the risk-return opportunity.  It is then the subscriber's ultimate decision as to which BondSavvy recommendations he or she invests.     Get Started   Following is our original post from 2018 on a previous JCPenney bond recommendation we made public subsequent to providing the recommendation exclusively to BondSavvy subscribers. OUR NOVEMBER 2018 JCP BONDS RECOMMENDATION The following post is a recommendation for JCPenney bonds BondSavvy made to subscribers September 10, 2018 at an offer price of 92.65 for the JCPenney 5.65% 6/1/20 bonds ("JCP '20 bonds"). We then recommended subscribers purchase additional amounts of the JCPenney bonds on November 19, 2018 at a price of 82.04. On May 28, 2019, given the continued worsening of JCPenney's credit profile, we recommended subscribers sell the JCPenney bonds, which were quoted that day at a price of 85.15 / 86.96. ORIGINAL BLOG POST FROM NOVEMBER 2018 BondSavvy investment recommendations do not take into account an investor's specific financial situation and do not represent personalized bond investment advice.  Please read our full disclaimer prior to reading this high yield bond investment analysis. JCPenney's (NYSE: JCP) first- and second-quarter 2018 struggles have created an investment opportunity in its 5.65% 6/1/20 bonds (CUSIP 708130AD1, "JCP '20" bonds), which we recommended that BondSavvy subscribers buy September 10, 2018. While we - and everyone else - are disappointed with JCPenney's financials, we believe the company has time to engineer a turnaround since it has limited near-term bond maturities. Prior to 2018, J.C. Penney had been staging a turnaround from the dark days of 2012-13. You'll see that EBITDA had grown to approximately $1 billion in both 2016 and 2017 and comparable-store sales had stabilized: Figure 1: J.C. Penney EBITDA and Same-Store Sales Growth   *EBITDA represents management's 2018 projection per its Q2 2018 earnings call. Same-store sales growth is for Q2 2018.   The pricing of the JCPenney bonds has largely followed the performance of the business, declining over 30% from 2011 to 2013 and then climbing back to par as EBITDA grew to $1 billion in 2016 and 2017. That said, the price of the JCPenney bonds is now in the low 90s following the company's struggles during the first half of 2018 as shown in Figure 2: Figure 2: Price Performance of J.C. Penney 5.65% 6/1/20 Bond We show later the dollar amount and timing of maturities for all JCPenney bonds. Given JCPenney's financials and the limited near-term maturities, we believe the JCPenney bonds offer a compelling 10.91% yield to maturity and are money good based on current financials. Today vs. Late 2017When we analyzed JCPenney bonds in December 2017, we saw a company that was turning the corner and with certain of its bonds trading at all-time lows. We believed this created a compelling risk-return opportunity at the time. Over the last several quarters, the company has paid down debt and extended certain bond maturities; however, JCPenney financials worsened for the six months ending Aug. 4, 2018, as shown in the below table: Figure 3: Financial Comparison - October 2017 Vs. August 2018 $ in millions October 2017(1) August 2018(2) Trailing 12 Months EBITDA $1,008 $789 Leverage Ratio (3) 4.3x 5.1x Interest Coverage Ratio (4) 3.2x 2.5x Last Quarter's Comp.-Sales Growth +1.7% +0.3% Fiscal YTD EBITDA Growth -0.2% -42% Total JCPenney Debt $4,324 $4,054 Debt Maturities Through June 1, 2020(5) $880.6 $233 (1)Financial data as of, or for the period ending, Oct. 28, 2017. (2)Financial data as of, or for the period ending, Aug. 4, 2018. (3)Total debt divided by trailing 12 months EBITDA. (4)Trailing 12 months EBITDA divided by most recent quarter's annualized interest expense. (5)In addition to bond maturities, includes $42 million each year that J.C. Penney is required to pay down on its $1.6 billion Term Loan Credit Facility. The most important thing JCPenney did was pay down and refinance some JCPenney bonds. As shown in the above table, through June 1, 2020, JCPenney now has to pay back $233 million of debt, a $648 million reduction since Q3 2017. On its Q2 2018 earnings call, the company projected $700 million of fiscal year 2018 EBITDA, a drop of 30% from fiscal 2017. If this number holds, it would raise JCP's Leverage Ratio to 5.8x. The key question is how quickly JCPenney's financials can turn around. As shown above, EBITDA for the first six months of fiscal 2018 fell 42%. The big driver of this was a reduction in gross margin driven by significant discounting to clear excess inventory. Management explained that, following strong performance in fiscal 2017, the company stocked its stores too aggressively leaving them with too much inventory. While certain parts of JCPenney's business have shown strength, such as children's, jewelry, salons, and Sephora stores within a store, the incoming CEO - whenever he or she is hired to replace Marvin Ellison, who left in May to become CEO of Lowe's Corp. (NYSE: LOW ) - will need to ensure inventory mismanagement goes away. Detailed Look at Upcoming MaturitiesAs shown in Figure 4, there are limited JCPenney debt maturities through 2022: $160 million in bonds, $177 million outstanding on its 2017 Credit Facility, and $42 million per annum for its $1.6 billion Term Loan Credit Facility, which comes fully due June 23, 2023. We therefore believe JCP has limited near-term bankruptcy risk and enough time to foster a turnaround. Figure 4: JCPenney Debt Maturities ($ in Millions) Maturity Date Amount Due Security Yield to Maturity(1) Oct. 1, 2019 $50 8.125% Senior Notes '19 8.12% @ par June 1, 2020 $110 5.65% Senior Notes '20 10.91% @ 92.00 June 20, 2022 $177 2017 Credit Facility N/A June 23, 2023(2) $1,604 Term Loan Credit Facility N/A Nov. 15, 2023 $500 8.875% Sr Secured Notes '23 144A offering(3) 2025 $400 8.625% Sr. Secured Second Priority Notes '25 144A offering(4) 2036-37 $701 6.375 '36, 7.4% '37 15-16% 2097 $500 7.625% '2097 16.5% Other $12 JCPenney Debt $4,054 (1)Yields to maturity based on pricing of recent trades during September 5-September 7, 2018. JCP '20 bonds based on Fidelity.com offer price at 2:00pm ET on Sept. 10, 2018. (2)We show the Term Loan Credit Facility as one maturity in 2023; however, J.C. Penney is required to pay down $42 million each year between now and the maturity date. (3)Not available to individual investors. (4)Not available to individual investors. JCPenney showed that it has access to the capital markets when it issued the 8.625% '25 notes in March 2018. The issuance was upsized from $350 million to $400 million. We like the 5.65% '20 bonds since there is only $50 million in JCPenney debt maturities before them, and we believe J.C. Penney will be able to pay off the '20 bonds with cash flow from operations. CEO Search and ConclusionWith former CEO Marvin Ellison leaving in May, JCPenney has been searching for a new leader. On the company's Q2 earnings call, it mentioned that it was interviewing a number of highly interested candidates but did not provide a timetable for the hiring. Given the recent fall in JCPenney stock, we believe this could be a compelling opportunity for someone to come in and right the ship (hopefully making a lot of money for him/herself and shareholders in the process). While Ellison did a nice job helping bring JCPenney back from the brink, the company had a big slip up in the first half of 2018, especially as other retailers such as Nordstrom (NYSE: JWN), Kohl's (NYSE: KSS ) and Macy's (NYSE:  M ) have shown strong performance. We expect Q3 to be bumpy for JCPenney; however, assuming a new CEO is brought on shortly, we hope to see some positive momentum in JCPenney's financials soon. This will help us decide how much longer we want to own the JCPenney bonds. Get Started   " }
Best Bonds To Buy
Best Bonds To Buy
Nov 4, 2018

BondSavvy will present new corporate bond investment ideas at 12:00pm EST on November 19 and the week of December 3.  These corporate bond investing webinars, which we call "The Bondcast" are only available ... Read more

Best Bond Investments
Best Bond Investments
Aug 14, 2018

At noon EDT today, BondSavvy presented four new corporate bond investment recommendations during The Bondcast.  You can now view these latest corporate bond picks by clicking here.  Our prior bond picks have shown how a select... Read more

BondSavvy Submits SEC Comment Letter on US Corporate Bond Market
BondSavvy Submits SEC Comment Letter on US Corporate Bond Market
Jul 14, 2018

     On July 16, 2018, BondSavvy founder Steve Shaw will participate in a panel discussion of the US Securities and Exchange Commission's Fixed Income Market Structure Advisory Committee (the "SEC FIMSAC").  The... Read more

Watch Our Active Investing Corporate Bond Webinar with Fidelity Investments
Watch Our Active Investing Corporate Bond Webinar with Fidelity Investments
Jun 20, 2018

On May 17, BondSavvy founder Steve Shaw sat down with Richard Carter of Fidelity Investments for an exclusive webinar: "The case for a more active approach to bond investing".  Fidelity recently posted a... Read more

Top Corporate Bonds
Top Corporate Bonds
May 31, 2018

You can now view the corporate bond investment recommendations we presented May 31 by clicking here. We reviewed these with BondSavvy subscribers during The Bondcast on May 31 and recently posted the webcast recording online. ... Read more

Understanding Interest Rate Risk and Credit Risk
Understanding Interest Rate Risk and Credit Risk
May 16, 2018

This video is one part of BondSavvy's 10-part video "The Crash Course on Corporate Bond Investing" and helps investors weigh interest rate risk and credit risk when investing in individual corporate bonds.  Click here to view the video... Read more

Best Bonds To Invest in
Best Bonds To Invest in
Mar 8, 2018

BondSavvy has just released its new set of corporate bond recommendations. Individual investors can see them by clicking here. Financial advisors, family offices, and other corporate bond investors can call our founder Steve... Read more

Is Albertsons' Acquisition of Rite Aid Good for Bondholders?
Is Albertsons' Acquisition of Rite Aid Good for Bondholders?
Feb 23, 2018

Update Note: On August 8, 2018, Albertsons and Rite Aid announced the termination of their merger agreement.  While the below analysis no longer pertains to a combined Albertsons / Rite Aid company, it shows the level... Read more

Individual Bonds vs. Bond Funds and ETFs - Which Are Better?
Individual Bonds vs. Bond Funds and ETFs - Which Are Better?
Jan 16, 2018

Watch this video before investing another dollar into an overvalued bond fund. Many popular bond funds try to replicate 'the market' and since the market is largely bonds priced at a premium to... Read more

Individual Bond Recommendations
Individual Bond Recommendations
Dec 13, 2017

BondSavvy has just released its new set of corporate bond recommendations.  Individual investors can see them by clicking here.  Financial advisors, family offices, and other corporate bond investors can call our founder Steve Shaw at (201) 748-9862... Read more

VIDEO - Corporate Bonds: Achieve Equity Upside Without the Equity Downside
VIDEO - Corporate Bonds: Achieve Equity Upside Without the Equity Downside
Nov 22, 2017

Many investors believe bonds are where you go to 'not screw things up' and earn 2-4% returns.  It's time for a new approach. ... Read more